Truth, No Tricks

October 31, 2015.

Do you know what today is? If you answered “Halloween,” you wouldn’t be wrong, but that’s not exactly the response I was looking for.

Today is also Reformation Day, which commemorates that time in 1517 when Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the Castle Church door at Wittenberg in Germany. Although this action was a customary way to initiate public debate, the content of Luther’s document was far from ordinary—his actions brought about great changes to Christianity, which had strayed from “the faith once delivered to the saints.” – Jude 1:3

Luther’s indignation began (but did not end) with the “sale of indulgences” by John Tetzel, a monk selling indulgence papers to lay folks who feared the fate of their dead loved ones and who were promised that “as soon as the coin in the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs.”

The sale of indulgences was a means of raising money for the Church. Luther not only disputed this abuse of people (many of whom could hardly afford such an expense), he disputed what was, in effect, the “teaching for shameful gain what they ought not to teach.” (Titus 1:11)

Luther contested man-made traditions and church authority, both of which compromised the authority of God and the Bible, citing instead that:

the true treasure of the church is the most holy gospel of the glory and the grace of God.” — Thesis 62 of 93

The results of the Reformation can be summed up in what are referred to as the Five Solas. The first one is this: sola Scriptura (by Scripture alone). From the authoritative nature of Scripture, the rest of the solas flow: sola fide (by faith alone); sola gratia (by grace alone); solus Christus (through Christ alone); soli Deo gloria (to the glory of God alone).

Great reformers, such as Luther, are not the only ones who can and ought to contend for the faith. Nor was the need for reforming Christian thought and practice a problem of the 1500s alone. Perhaps as you read the paragraphs above concerning indulgences, you were reminded of the pyramid schemes and prosperity preaching of today—or perhaps of more subtle “prone to wander, Lord I feel it” type of thinking that hits closer to home.

My hope is that Reformation Day is not only a day to be thankful to God for men like Luther, but that it also fans into flame a desire for us, as Christians, to think more biblically, be more discerning, and to boldly contend for the Gospel.

What is the Gospel? It can be summed up in this passage from I Corinthians 15:1-4:

Now, brothers and sisters, I want to remind you of the gospel I preached to you, which you received and on which you have taken your stand. By this gospel you are saved, if you hold firmly to the word I preached to you. Otherwise, you have believed in vain. For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures.


Are you looking for a “Christ-centered and Cross-focused” resource to help you develop biblical discernment and grow in your understanding of Scripture? Consider Pirate Christian Radio.

Hammer Heard Round the World

At noon on October 31, 1517, a hammer struck the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany. It was the start of the Reformation.

The Ninety-Five Theses, composed originally in Latin, were posted by Martin Luther on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, on October 31, 1517. The Castle Church was used by the university as its “campus church” and as such the door served as a sort of public bulletin board for the academic community. The theses were a proposal for a discussion about the practice of indulgences. October 31, 1517, the day before All Saints Day, was chosen because the Castle Church was also home to one of the largest collection of relics in all of Western Christendom, owned by the Saxon Elector Frederick the Wise. Indulgences were granted to the faithful for viewing the many relics that were put on display on All Saints Day. [1]

wittenberg_castle_smhoughton

A sketch of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany, as it might have appeared in 1517. — Taken from the book Sketches from Church History by S. M. Houghton.

When Dr. Martin Luther, a law student turned Augustinian monk turned great Reformer, nailed his 95 Theses to the church door, little did he know that it would be copied, translated, and distributed throughout all of Europe. Little did he know that his name would be recorded as one of the most significant figures in church history.

The fact that Martin Luther is an identifiable character in the story of human existence is secondary to what was divinely accomplished through his scrutiny of unbiblical religious practices. As an instrument in God’s Hands, he would spend the remainder of his life reintroducing the largely forgotten truths of the Christian faith.

Luther’s diligent study and subsequent teaching of the Bible has led to many reforms we might otherwise take for granted today. He refuted the sale of indulgences as a means of salvation, turning instead to the New Testament teaching of salvation by grace alone, through faith alone—and justified through Christ and His righteousness alone. [2]

Luther’s translation of the Bible into German vernacular put the Word of God in the hands of the common people. He further translated the liturgy (i.e. the worship service, which was traditionally in Latin) into the common language so that all could understand it.

Luther also challenged the marriage ban placed on clergy. He showed it to be unbiblical and, by his own example of marriage, dramatically reformed the vocation. Not only that, he reintroduced the biblical view that all Christians—not just the clergy—serve their Creator and their neighbors through their honest and faithful work, whatever it may be.

Today, Luther’s contributions to the Christian faith are seen in the creeds and confessions of Protestant congregations around the world. But make no mistake. Luther did not reinvent the Christian faith. Nor did he reinterpret it. Luther simply rediscovered the one true faith that was once delivered to the Saints.

~ * ~

Lord, keep us steadfast in Thy Word;
Curb those who fain by craft and sword
Would wrest the kingdom from Thy Son
And set at naught all He hath done.

Lord Jesus Christ, Thy pow’r make known,
For Thou art Lord of lords alone;
Defend Thy Christendom that we
May evermore sing praise to Thee.

O Comforter of priceless worth,
Send peace and unity on earth.
Support us in our final strife
And lead us out of death to life.

— A hymn by Martin Luther, 1541


[1] http://bookofconcord.org/95theses.php
[2] Ephesians 2:8-10; 2 Corinthians 5:21